Elephant garlic is related to common garlic, but the bulbs are much larger and have a milder flavor. The elephant garlic bulbs can be as large as 5 inches wide, containing cloves that are up to 2 inches long and 1 inch wide. The aboveground elephant garlic plants resemble leeks and have folded, broad leaves. Planting elephant garlic is nearly the same as planting regular garlic, but the spacing and planting depth of the cloves are slightly different.
Plant your elephant garlic in early spring, as soon as the soil is workable, to encourage proper foliage growth and bulb development. Select a planting site with crumbly, well-draining soil and full to partial sunlight.